Enzymes, proteins, riboproteins and signaling pathways.

serine proteases

Serine proteases, now renamed serine endopeptidases are peptidases (formerly proteases) that cleave peptide bonds in target proteins. Serine endopeptidases (proteases) are so-named for the invariant presence of a serine residue in the active site. (left - trypsin)

actions : clans : coagulation : complement : cytotoxicity : digestion : evolution : families : serine protease inhibitors : serpins

In mammals, serine proteases function in coagulation, immune and inflammatory responses, and act as digestive enzymes in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes:
cytotoxic activity of cytotoxic lymphocytes (NK cells, killer T cells)
● digestion – chymotrypsin, trypsin, elastase
blood clotting – Factor 10 (X), Factor 11 (XI), thrombin, plasmin
complement systemC1r and C1s, C3 convertases ( C3/C5, C5, C4b.2b, C3b, Bb)

Serine proteases (endopeptidases) are subdivided into
clans that share structural homology,
then further subgrouped into
_families that share close sequence homology.

In humans, clans of serine endopeptidases are:
● chymotrypsin-like clan – chymotrypsin, elastase, trypsin
● subtilisin-like clan – prokaryotic enzyme employing an evolutionarily convergent catalytic mechanism utilizing a catalytic triad to create a nucleophilic serine that attacks the carbonyl carbon of the scissile peptide bond of the substrate
● α/β hydrolase clan
● signal peptidase clan

Serine protease inhibitors (serpins) are a diverse group of molecules that form a covalent bond with the serine protease, irreversibly inactivating endopeptidase function. Serpins include antithrombin, alpha 1-antitrypsin,and alpha 1-antichymotrypsin.

▲♦ : actions § alpha 1-antichymotrypsin § alpha 1-antitrypsinbonds : clans : coagulation § coagulation factors : complementcovalent bond : cytotoxicity : digestion : evolution : families : serine protease inhibitors : serpins ▲♦


. . . catalyzing since 10/06/06
Search WWW Search enzymatics.blogspot.com Search signaling-receptor.blogspot.com Search chemistryolife.blogspot.com Search krebbing.blogspot.com Search cellular-immunity.blogspot.com Search biopoiesis.blogspot.com Search phototroph.blogspot.com Search endosymbionts.blogspot.com